Hello guys, I am so excited to inform you that the wait for a new episode on health insights with Adesola Brand is officially over and I really apologize for the break. I hope this edition will be very educative as we will be highlighting Gonorrhea as a sexually transmitted disease.
Gonorrhea is a contagious disease usually caused by the diplococcus bacteria, Neisseria gonorrhoeae. These bacteria are also referred to as gonococcus and are widely distributed in nature. Gonorrhea can be transferred from person to person through any form of sexual intercourse (anal, vaginal or oral). It causes infections in the genitals, rectum and throat. The disease is more common among male and females of age 15-24 years. The symptoms of this disease differ among genders.
In males the incubation period of the bacterial is 2-8 days after which symptoms occur as a yellow urethral discharge, creamy pus and frequent painful urination accompanied by a burning sensation. In females, gonorrhoea is insidious, the cervix is the principal site infected and few people are aware of any symptoms. However, some symptoms may occur after 7-21 days of infection. It may occur as mild, with more vaginal discharge and sometimes bleeding during menstruation. Rectal symptoms may also occur as bleeding, soreness, anal bleeding, discharge, painful bowel movements. Gonorrhea is more harmful in women than in men because it may infect the fallopian tube and its surrounding tissues causing pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).
A menstruating woman is at higher risk of a quick or faster spreading of the infection. Spreading of the infection with bacteremia may occur in both male and female and can lead to joint infection by the gonococcus. Also, Gonorrhea may be transferred from mother to newborn during childbirth. This may cause Gonorrhoeal eye infection resulting in Ophthalmia neonatorum, or conjunctivitis which was once the leading cause of blindness. To prevent this disease, tetracycline, erythromycin may be used.
It is becoming harder to treat some gonorrhea infections as drug-resistant strains of gonorrhea are increasing. Immuno-compromised patients are at higher risk of contracting the disease. It is important to see the doctor when you notice any slight symptom. It is also important to take all of the medication prescribed by the doctor to cure the infection. Medication for gonorrhea should not be shared with anyone. Although, the medication will stop the infection, it will not undo any permanent damage caused by the disease. If symptoms should continue for more than a few days after receiving treatment, the patient should return to a health care provider to be checked again.
Gonorrhea is better prevented than cured and the most effective method for control of this sexually transmitted disease is public education. Also, diagnosing and treating the asymptomatic patient, prompt and adequate treatment of infections can help control the spread of the disease. Condoms are a good way to prevent STD’s but abstinence is the best preventive measurement. However, it is very important that you know and limit your partners, and always visit your doctor in case of any abnormalities. Please take note that, prevention is better and cheaper than cure.
Have a wonderful and blessed week, and don’t forget to drop questions or comments in the comment section.
Thank you for reading.